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January 12, 2016 Categories: Exception Handling. No Comments on User Defined Exceptions

In this article we will learn how to create user defined exceptions (own exceptions) and how to use them in Java programs.


Although Java provides several pre-defined exception classes, sometimes we might need to create our own exceptions which are also called as user-defined exceptions.


Steps for creating a user-defined exception:

  1. Create a class with your own class name (this acts the exception name)
  2. Extend the pre-defined class Exception
  3. Throw an object of the newly create exception


As an example for user-defined exception, I will create my own exception named NegativeException as follows:



Note that I am overriding the toString() method of the Exception class to provide meaningful description of my own exception.


Now, I can use my own exception NegativeException in Java programs as shown below:



Output of the above program is:


NegativeException: Value cannot be negative


From the above program you might have guessed the use of NegativeException. It notifies the user about negative values which are not allowed as input.


This how we can create and use our own exceptions in Java.

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